RIGHT TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION PDF | RTE ACT 2009
RTE Act 2009 – The main objective of the RTE Act is to ensure that each child in India receives quality elementary education irrespective of their economic or caste background; this includes children who are forced to drop out of school.
An Act to provide for free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Sixtieth Year of the Republic of India as follows:
(1) This Act may be called the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.
(2) It shall extend to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
[(4) Subject to the provisions of articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution, the provisions of this Act shall apply to conferment of rights on children to free and compulsory education.
(5) Nothing contained in this Act shall apply to Madrasas, Vedic Pathsalas and educational institutions primarily imparting religious instruction.]
No capitation fee and screening procedure for admission.– (1) No school or person shall, while admitting a child, collect any capitation fee and subject the child or his or her parents or guardian to
any screening procedure.
(2) Any school or person, if in contravention of the provisions of sub-section (1),-
(a) receives capitation fee, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to ten times the capitation fee charged;
(b) subjects a child to screening procedure, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to twenty-five thousand rupees for the first contravention and fifty thousand rupees for each subsequent contraventions.
Proof of age for admission. (1) For the purposes of admission to elementary education, the age
of a child shall be determined on the basis of the birth certificate issued in accordance with the provisions
of the Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1886 (6 of 1886) or on the basis of such other
document, as may be prescribed.
(2) No child shall be denied admission in a school for lack of age proof.
What do you mean by right to education?
Education is a fundamental right of every individual, and it is the obligation of the government to ensure that individuals are able to enjoy this right. Article 21-A of the Indian Constitution lays forth the norms and regulations that must be followed in order to ensure that everyone has access to education.
What is RTE rule?
As a Fundamental Right, Article 21-A of the Indian Constitution provides free and compulsory education for all children aged 6 to 14. On April 1, 2010, Article 21-A and the Right to Education Act went into force. The term “free” refers to the fact that no child enrolled in an RTE-supported school is required to pay any fees for basic education. The term “compulsory” refers to the government’s obligation to assure a child’s enrollment, attendance, and completion of primary school in the specified age group.
What is the importance of right to education?
Education is provided as a right to assist children in developing their talents and realising their full potential in order to serve their society and the country in the long term. Education aids in the fight against poverty, inequality, patriarchal norms, peace, and economic prosperity in a country.
Why is the right to education important?
The right to education is the first step toward poverty eradication. It is a fundamental right of every individual, regardless of caste, religion, gender, or economic status. Education allows a person to make informed decisions for themselves while also contributing to the betterment of mankind and nation.
What is the right of every child?
Every child has a right to life, family, health, protection from violence, abuse or neglect, and quality education to help reach their full potential, irrespective of their race, religion or abilities. These rights are legally bound by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). India ratified the UNCRC on 11 December 1992.
Does every child has the right to an education?
Yes, Every child is right to an education. Education is essential for a child’s holistic growth. Education helps a child develop many abilities and behaviours that will aid in the development of a successful and rewarding future as well as a sufficient level of life.
Is education a privilege or a right?
Education is a right, not a privilege, for everyone. This means that each individual has a legal right to education. Individuals cannot be denied an education because of their caste, religion, gender, or financial status. The Right to Education Act (RTE), Article 21-A of the Indian Constitution, grants this right in India.
Who is eligible for RTE?
The Right to Education Act mandates that children aged 6 to 14 get free and obligatory elementary education. The RTE Act allows children to be accepted to school depending on their economic condition or caste-based reservations. The act allows children of migrant workers, street labourers, and children with special needs to apply for admission.
What is the major goal of the RTE Act of 2009?
The RTE Act’s major goal is to ensure that every kid in India, regardless of their economic or caste background, obtains a quality elementary education, which includes children who are forced to drop out. It also guarantees that schools adhere to certain criteria, such as infrastructure and manpower, in order to maintain educational quality. The government is charged with ensuring its implementation under the Act.
What is the minimum age for RTE?
Children between the ages of 6 and 14 have the right to free and compulsory education under the RTE Act.
What is the admissions procedure under the RTE Act?
Children from households in the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) are entitled to apply for admission under the RTE Act. Families in the EWS group make less than a set amount of money every year. RTE entrance procedures differ from state to state. In most cases, a school in the neighbourhood is first identified. A form must be filed along with supporting documentation proving the child’s age, income of the parents or guardians, and/or caste certificate. A certificate proving that the child has special needs must be supplied. Both parents’ death certificates must be supplied in the case of a kid whose parents have died. The child is then screened for admission depending on the documentation supplied.