Nag Panchami, a festival honouring snake gods, is observed on the Panchami Tithi, Shukla Paksha, in the holy month of Shravan, which is dedicated to Shiva.
This year, Nag Panchami is being celebrated on 13th August 2021, Friday.
- Nag Panchami is celebrated on the Panchami Tithi, Shukla Paksha in the holy month of Shravan dedicated to Shiva
- This festival is dedicated to snakes and the God of Serpents
- Nag Panchami finds a mention in the Garuda and Skanda Purana
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Nag Panchami History and Significance
According to Hindu religious beliefs, snakes are considered auspicious. The prayers offered on Nag Panchami are said to reach the serpent Gods. On this day, people worship live snakes because they are thought to be the representatives of serpent Gods. There are many serpent Gods, but only the 12 listed below are worshipped on Nag Panchami.
Nag Panchami Puja Mantra:
नाग प्रीता भवन्ति शान्तिमाप्नोति बिअ विबोह्
सशन्ति लोक मा साध्य मोदते सस्थित समः
The literal meaning is:
Let all be blessed by the snake goddess, let everyone obtain peace
Let all live peacefully without any turbulence.
People also fast (vrat) and feed the Brahmins during Nag Panchami. Nag Chaturthi or Nagul Chavithi is the fast that precedes Nag Panchami. On this day, digging is prohibited because it may kill the snakes that live underground. In Tamil, they called NAGA CHATURTHI
Nag Panchami katha:
The Nag Panchami Vrat Katha comes in many forms, and this is one of them.
A Brahmin with seven sons and seven daughters-in-law resided nearby. Six of the daughters-in-law had brothers, whom they would pay a visit to during the month of Shravan. And the one without a brother would be perplexed as to why she lacked a sibling. She revered Shesh Nag and shared her grief one day. As a result, Shesh Nag disguised himself as a Brahmin guy and paid her a surprise visit.
He took her to his home in Patala Loka and requested her to address him as her brother. Shesh Nag then disclosed his true identity and invited the woman to sit on his hood. She felt honored as she prayed to him.
Shesh Nag warned the woman a few days later to be cautious when walking in the dark since baby snakes could be damaged. But one day, she stepped on a newborn snake’s tail by accident, injuring him. She eventually returned to her matrimonial home.
During Shravan the next year, the woman made an idol of Shesh Nag and placed it outside her home, where she performed puja. Meanwhile, the injured juvenile snake was perplexed as to why his tail had been severed. Finally, his mother revealed that his aunt had stamped on his tail unintentionally.
When the baby snake found this, he became enraged and vowed to avenge his aunt. The baby snake, on the other hand, had a change of heart after watching her praising his father. On Nag Panchami, he blessed his aunt and declared that ladies without brothers might worship snakes. And anyone who worshipped snakes on this day would never die prematurely. They would also get rid of Kaal Sarp Yog.